Kindergarten Readiness



Reading Readiness

  • Identifies own name when printed

  • Names MOST capital and lower case letters when shown printed letters

  • Says the sound a letter makes when looking at an alphabet book (when shown most letters)

  • Names letters of a word, from left to right

  • “Reads” environmental print

Language Skills

  • Speaks in complete sentences and is able to express himself clearly when speaking

  • Knows nursery rhymes (nursery rhymes to know: Jack Be Nimble, One Two Buckle My Shoe, Hickory, Dickory Dock and Jack and Jill)

  • Sings a song and does actions that go with the words

  • Tells a story with a beginning, middle and end (able to predict suitable ending to story)


  • Answers questions about a story (Why was the child so happy?)

  • Repeats a story just heard, maintaining the sequence of events

  • Carries out four simple related directions (steps to get ready to go outdoors)

  • Looks at and can listen to the speaker



Matching, Sorting and Classifying

  • Determines which of two groups has less

  • Matches groups having equal quantities of objects, up to 10

  • Arranges 5 objects in order of size, from smallest to largest

Concepts and Patterns

  • Understands opposites

  • Copies a complex pattern (AAB, ABC, AABB)

  • Identifies most colors


  • Counts 20 items out loud

  • Writes numerals 1 through 5

  • Counting – both rote and objects


Social/Emotional – Behavioral Expectations

  • Plays simple games according to rules and takes turns

  • Gives up immediate reward to earn a larger reward

  • Controls temper most of the time by redirecting attention in another way (uses words to express feelings)

  • Behaves appropriately for the situation/place (sits and waits at a restaurant, interacts with other children)

  • Respects others and differences

  • Uses manners

  • Understands what they do causes consequences

  • Enjoys being with others

  • Identifies other children by name

  • Can separate from parents without being upset

  • Understands and observes property rights of others and takes card of his/her own personal property

  • Sits still for brief periods of time


Self – Help Skills

  • Ties shoes following step-by-step demonstration

  • Blows and wipes nose without assistance (sneezes into sleeve)

  • Wipes self after toileting

  • Washes and dries hands independently after using toilet

  • Is conscious of personal safety and the safety of others

  • Learning to tie, button, zip and put on and take off outer wear (coat, jacket)

  • Knows telephone number and address


Motor Skills


  • Bounces and catches a large ball

  • Aims and kicks a large ball

  • Skipping and hopping

  • Balances on one foot for at least 10 seconds

  • Hops on one foot

  • Gallops


  • Draws with a variety of writing utensils (crayons, markers, paint brushes, pencils)

  • Uses clay/play dough

  • Cuts out objects

  • Strings half inch beads with ease

  • Shows right hand/foot, left hand/foot upon request

  • Draws square, triangle and zigzag lines, imitating adult

  • Draws a person with at least four body parts

  • Builds block structures that extend out and up



These words will help your child to understand and follow directions in kindergarten. Words using location, direction, distance, number, time, etc. are confusing to young children. Having an understanding of the following concepts help children become successful learners.

  • top

  • next to

  • some but not many

  • farthest

  • widest

  • whole

  • corner

  • row

  • almost

  • as many

  • other

  • below

  • medium-sized

  • zero

  • separated

  • skip

  • least

  • in front

  • through

  • inside

  • middle

  • around

  • most nearest

  • several

  • different

  • half

  • side

  • alike

  • match

  • right

  • above

  • left

  • equal

  • bottom

  • beyond

  • away from

  • outside

  • few

  • over

  • between

  • second

  • behind

  • after

  • center

  • beginning

  • never

  • always

  • forward

  • every

  • pair

  • third

  • under

  • every

Opposites (examples)

up/down, wide/narrow (thin), fast/slow, deep/shallow, start/finish, first/last,

open/close, early/late, soft/hard, easy/hard, dark/light, light/heavy, every/none, in/out, inside/outside


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